Search help


Basic search
Words and phrases

Phrase proximity search

Wildcard searches: ? *
Boolean Operators: AND, OR, NOT...
Grouping terms to form Sub-Queries

Fuzzy search

Searching in annotations field only


Basic search 

A basic search will use the key term entered to search through a number of metadata fields associated to each archived record and return results on a hit list page.

To perform a basic search:

  1. Enter a search term into the search bar at the top of any FINA Digital Broadcast Archive page.
  2. Press the search icon or hit return on your keyboard to perform the search query.
  3. The results will be returned on a search results page.
  4. Filter the results by selecting the fields (Content Type, City, Event Year and Event Name) on the right side of the page. 
  5. Use the 'Sort by' drop down filter at the top of the page to display the results according to the relevant options. 
  6. Use the paginated numbering system (1,2,3,5 etc) and the 'Next' and 'Last' links at the top and bottom of the page to browse more pages if more than one page of results is retrieved.

Words and phrases

Search for a single word by typing that word in the search window and clicking 'Search'

Search for a phrase or a group of words by surrounding the phrase with double quotes e.g.  "Katinka Hosszu"


Phrase proximity search

To find words within a specific distance away from a phrase or a proximity search, use the tilde, "~", symbol at the end of a Phrase. For example to search for a "apache" and "jakarta" within 10 words of each other in a document use the search:

"jakarta apache"~10

Clicking 'Jump To' in the desired file will show the search term in the filter box for the annotations,

removing the ~10 from text in the filter box will give the valid hits.


Wildcard searches

?   is a single character wildcard.    te?t would match both test and text.

*   is a multiple character wildcard.   *tes* would match test, testing, and tester.

Typing  * in the search field returns all files.

You can use wildcard characters in the middle of a term. For example:

te*t   would match test and text.

*est   would match pest and test.


Boolean Operators

OR     either (or both) terms are present for a match

AND   both terms on either side of the operator must be present for a match

NOT    the following term will not be present in the search


To search for files that contain either "thomas daley" or just "daley," use the query:

"thomas daley" OR daley


The Boolean Operator +

The + symbol (also known as the "required" operator) requires that the term after the + symbol exist somewhere in a field in at least one file in order for the query to return a match.

For example, to search for files that must contain "jakarta" and that may or may not contain "lucene," use the following query:

+jakarta lucene


The Boolean Operator AND

The AND operator matches files where both terms exist anywhere in the text of a single file. 

To search for files that contain "jakarta apache" and "Apache Lucene," use either of the following queries:

"jakarta apache" AND "Apache Lucene"


The Boolean Operator NOT

The NOT operator excludes documents that contain the term after NOT.

The following queries search for documents that contain the phrase "jakarta apache" but do not contain the phrase "Apache Lucene":

"jakarta apache" NOT "Apache Lucene"


The Boolean Operator -

The - symbol or "prohibit" operator excludes files that contain the term after the - symbol.

For example, to search for files that contain "jakarta apache" but not "Apache Lucene," use the following query:

"jakarta apache" -"Apache Lucene"


Grouping Terms to Form Sub-Queries

Use parentheses to group clauses to form sub-queries. This can be very useful if you want to control the Boolean logic for a query.

The query below searches for either "jakarta" or "apache" and "website":

(jakarta OR apache) AND website


Fuzzy search operator ~

To perform a fuzzy search, that delivers results near the term searched for, use the ~ symbol. 

~ followed by a number determines the number of change steps in the search range from the original term searched for.

For example, Daley~2 will give results for Haley, Daley, Riley, Dale, Hale, etc.


Searching in annotations field only

To only search for a term in the annotations field use:  annotations:term   in the search window.

For example:  annotations:50m  will only show files with 50m in the annotations field.

searching for: -annotations:50m will only show files NOT containing 50m in the annotations field.